Introduction to Statistics for the Social Sciences

Statistical tests are commonly used in quantitative research. The purpose of this two-day course is to strengthen Statistical concepts and thinking and to provide fundamental understanding and principle of statistics and its application. The course will focus on statistics which is used in the social sciences.

You will receive copies of the PowerPoint slides used in the presentations and suggested reading lists.

Course Content: 
Following an overview of the main features of Statistics and an introduction to essential terminology, you will proceed logically through the following:

Lecture 1: ( Slide 1 and Slide 2)

  • Introduction to Statistics
  • Steps carried out in statistical problems
  • Presenting Data in Tables and Charts

Lecture 2: ( Slide 3 and Slide 4)

  • The statistical scales.
  • The Normal Distribution
  • The Standard Normal Distribution
  • Sampling Distribution of the Mean
  • Sampling Distribution of the Proportion
  • Sampling From Finite Populations

Lecture 3: ( Slide 5)

  • Confidence interval estimation: σ Known
  • Confidence interval estimation: σ unKnown
  • Confidence Interval Estimation for the  Proportion
  • Sampling sizes

Lecture 4: ( Slide 6 and Slide 7)
Fundamentals of Hypothesis Testing
Hypothesis Testing Methodology
Z-Test for the Mean (σ Known)
p-Value Approach to Hypothesis Testing
Connection to Confidence Interval Estimation
1. One Tail Test
T-Test of Hypothesis for the Mean
Z-Test of Hypothesis for the Proportion
2.  Hypothesis Testing With Categorical Data
χ2 Test for Differences in Two Proportions (Independent Samples)
χ2 Test for Differences in c Proportions (Independent Samples)
χ2 Test of Independence

Preparatory Reading:

The following are recommended as background reading that will help participants to understand and get the most out of this course:

Patrick Dattalo, Determining Sample Size: Balancing Power, Precision, and Practicality, Oxford University Press US, 2008 (chapter 2 and chapter 3).

JAMES T. McCLAVE, P.  GEORGE BENSON, TERRY SlNClCH, A first course in business statistics, Prentice Hall; 8 edition, 2000 (chapter 1 and chapter 2)

Mario F. Triola, Elementary Statistics, Addison Wesley; 9 edition, 2003 (chapter 6 and chapter 7)

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